The River Nile - An Open Air Museum
The River Nile, considered the longest river in the world is a water body, flowing north within the continent of Africa. The word Nile is derived from the Greek word “Neilos”meaning“, Great River. Let us first study the precise geography of the renowned River Nile. Lake Victoria in Uganda and Lake Tana from the country of Ethiopia are the two sources from where the Nile River takes its conception. The entire river which is stretched to around 6650 km flows through ten different countries, comprising Egypt, Uganda , Ethiopia, Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Sudan ,Burundi and the third largest country of Africa , the Democratic Republic of Congo. It was in the year 2004 that Hendri Coetzee from South Africa took off to measure the entire length of this great river. It took him 4 months and 2 weeks after which the National Geographic Channel also released a film titled “The Longest River”, dealing with this historical expedition. The Nile River has two main tributaries called the Blue Nile and the White Nile. The Blue Nile has more fertile soil and starts from the Lake Tana in Ethiopia while the White Nile is the longer one of the two and starts in Eastern Africa. It is the White Nile which flows north through Tanzania, Lake Victoria, southern Sudan and Uganda before meeting the other tributary at the capital of Sudan, Khartoum.
The lengthy stretch and flow of the Nile River touches not only different countries but inevitably faces an array of climatic conditions with northern Egypt and Sudan being places with very little rainfall, while the south of Ethiopia is home to very heavy rainfalls. This rainfall caters to the rich fertile soil that further contributes to a heavy support of inhabitants in Egypt and Sudan. Ancient times saw people use the entire stretch of the river Nile for the purpose of transportation and agriculture which remains to date, although their methods of agriculture and modes of transport have drastically changed.
Why is it an open air museum?
The longest River in the world, The River Nile is also a favourite among tourists and vacationers who can not only take one of the several cruise package options but can also combine it with sight seeing of various monuments and temples, especially that of Karnack, that are situated along the banks of the Nile. The Luxor and Aswan are popular valley destinations and the Abu Simbel and Luxor temples are the huge rock temples that will attract any human eye. The different cruise options provide you with a host of different packages, among which every tourists is sure to find one that fits his taste. There are cruises from one city or country to another, from one popular destination to another, while also cruising along great historical Egyptian sites and places. This spectacular sight of thousands of monuments and temples along the banks of the river has gotten the river Nile to be popularly known as an open air museum where tourists can explore, enjoy, learn and stay at the several hotels that have been built across the entire stretch. Cairo, the capital of Egypt is one of the most well developed, sophisticated and modern day cities that grace itself on the banks of the Nile.
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