Man is a social animal and animals are also social beings where interaction, grouping, togetherness, hostility and competition are components of the society. The human being is a social creature right from the time of birth, where an infant will not survive without the care and support of his mother and a man always desires the need for a companion. When man chooses to be independent, he still does not choose to live a life in isolation. He requires socialisation to reach out, to learn, to help make a difference and to even get a sense of belongingness in the world.
What is Social Behaviour?
Social behaviour is a tool with which man engages in conversation and communication with the society around us. It is vital in the growth of human beings where one learns, adapts and is considered a civilised entity. Social behaviour among species is mostly inherent and is vastly also learnt. What may be social in one society may be considered anti social in another. Thus, social behaviour is not only diverse by itself but is also culture specific. The behaviourists and the biological approach has concluded with their massive twin and adoption studies that social behaviour is a combination of genetic determination and the environment one is brought up in, which proves to be a major source of social behaviour learning.
Social Behaviour is well researched
Social behaviour though may seem abstract, is a field which has been vastly researched and studied by many scholars. It is a field which has been studied by different branches of science. Biology, sociology and psychology study the behaviour occurring among the same species or behaviour which is directed towards society. Any behaviour occurring among different species is considered to be non social and thus is not a social behaviour.
Social psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with man’s feelings, behaviours and thoughts that affect other individuals and in turn affect themselves. Two such prominent topics, social influence and social cognition need a specific mention where the latter is the study of cognitive processes that man uses to understand others and ourselves and the former is the study of the degree of role and influence, a group, an individual or society has on one’s decision making process. Prejudices, attitude formation and stereotyping are examples of social cognition and peer pressure, and compliance, and identification are the different topics of study under social influence. A number of theories on social behaviour have been developed and researched to understand the entire spectrum of this field.
All behaviours in society are not accepted and are not always directed positively among others. This kind of behaviour that damages another individual or property is known as anti social behaviour. Thus social manners and activities are words spoken, action taken and gestures shown with the best interest of oneself and others. Social behaviour studies and understands the role of the external objects on ones growth and personality. It does not indulge in just the human being but also the presence of ‘matter’ in our lives. For e.g., the role of long hours, of playing video games on one’s adaptation, patience and aggression level.
Social behaviour is a diverse subject that can be studied theoretically and experienced to realisation in every day life.
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